Purification in high yield and characterisation of a new galactose-specific lectin from the seeds of Trichosanthes cucumerina

Padma, P. ; Komath, Sneha Sudha ; Nadimpalli, Siva Kumar ; Swamy, Musti J. (1999) Purification in high yield and characterisation of a new galactose-specific lectin from the seeds of Trichosanthes cucumerina Phytochemistry, 50 (3). pp. 363-371. ISSN 0031-9422

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00544-5


Ten Cucurbitaceae species have been investigated for the presence of seed lectins of which only two species, Trichosanthescucumerina and T. palmata, have displayed agglutination activity which was inhibited by galactose. The lectin from T. cucumerinaseeds has been purified in highyield (∼350 mg lectin/100 g deshelled seeds) by affinity chromatography on cross-linked guar gum. The purified T. cucumerinaseedlectin (TCSL) moved as a single symmetrical peak on gel filtration on Sephadex G-150 with an apparent molecular weight of 62 (±5) kDa and gave a single band on PAGE under non-denaturing conditions. In SDS-PAGE, TCSL gave a single band at 69 kDa in the absence of 2-mercaptoethanol, whereas in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol two bands corresponding to 41 and 22 kDa were observed, suggesting that the lectin is made up of two non-identical subunits that are linked by one or more disulphide bridges. TCSL is a glycoprotein with about 3.0% covalently bound neutral sugar. The lectin cross-reacted with rabbit antiserum raised against the Trichosanthes anguina (snake gourd) seedlectin (SGSL), yielding a single precipitin line and SGSL cross-reacted with the anti-TCSL antiserum raised in rabbits, indicating that the two lectins are antigenically very similar. This was further confirmed by Western blot analysis where the two subunits of TCSL were found to react with both anti-TCSL and anti-SGSL antisera and vice versa. On the other hand, TCSL did not cross-react with the antiserum raised against Momordica charantialectin and vice versa, suggesting that these two cucurbit seed lectins are antigenically dissimilar. Haemagglutination-inhibition data show that TCSL is specific for the β-anomer of galactose with MeβGal and lactose being the best mono- and disaccharide inhibitors, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Trichosanthescucumerina; T. Anguina; Cucurbitaceae; Agglutinin; Lectin; Galactose-Specific; Affinity Chromatography; Saccharide Specificity; Carbohydrate-Binding Protein
ID Code:95874
Deposited On:07 Dec 2012 05:50
Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 05:50

Repository Staff Only: item control page