Crystal structure at 1.8 Å resolution and proposed amino acid sequence of a thermostable xylanase from Thermoascus aurantiacus

Natesh, R. ; Bhanumoorthy, P. ; Vithayathil, P.J. ; Sekar, K. ; Ramakumar, S. ; Viswamitra, M.A. (1999) Crystal structure at 1.8 Å resolution and proposed amino acid sequence of a thermostable xylanase from Thermoascus aurantiacus Journal of Molecular Biology, 288 (5). pp. 999-1012. ISSN 0022-2836

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Thermoascus aurantiacus xylanase is a thermostable enzyme which hydrolyses xylan, a major hemicellulose component in the biosphere. Crystals belonging to P21 space group with a = 41.7 Å, b = 68.1 Å, c = 51.4 Å and β = 113.6 °, Z = 2 were grown that could diffract to better than 1.8 Å resolution. The structure was solved by molecular replacement method using the Streptomyces lividans xylanase model. The amino acid sequence was determined from the electron density map aided by multiple alignment of related xylanase sequences. The sequence thus obtained provides a correction to the sequence reported earlier based on biochemical methods. The final refined protein model at 1.8 Å resolution with 301 amino acid residues and 266 water molecules has an R-factor of 16.0 % and free R of 21.1 % with good stereochemistry. The single polypeptide chain assumes (α/β)8TIM-barrel fold and belongs to F/10 family of glycoside hydrolases. The active site consists of two glutamate residues located at the C terminus end of the β-barrel, conforming to the double displacement mechanism for the enzyme action. A disulphide bond and more than ten salt bridges have been identified. In particular, the salt bridge Arg124-Glu232 which is almost buried, bridges the β-strands β4 and β7 where the catalytic glutamate residues reside, and it may play a key role in the stability and activity at elevated temperature. To our knowledge, for the first time in the F/10 family xylanases, we observe a proline residue in the middle of the α-helix α6 which may be contributing to better packing. Earlier studies show that the enzyme retains its activity even at 70 °C. The refined protein model has allowed a detailed comparison with the other known structures in the F/10 family of enzymes. The possible causative factors for thermostability are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Family F/10 Xylanase; Crystal Structure; Thermostability; Salt Bridges; Thermoascus aurantiacus
ID Code:72752
Deposited On:09 Dec 2011 05:02
Last Modified:09 Dec 2011 05:02

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