Chandrasekhara, S.
(1955)
*The character of the equilibrium of an incompressible heavy viscous fluid of variable density*
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 51
(1).
pp. 162-178.
ISSN 0305-0041

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Official URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstra...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305004100030048

## Abstract

This paper is devoted to a consideration of the following problem: Given a static state in which an incompressible viscous fluid is arranged in horizontal strata and the density is a function of the vertical coordinate only, to determine the initial manner of development of an infinitesimal disturbance. The mathematical problem is reduced to one in characteristic values in a fourth-order differential equation and a variational principle characterizing the solution is enunciated. The particular case of two uniform fluids of different densities (but the same kinematic viscosity) separated by a horizontal boundary is considered in some detail. The mode of maximum instability in case the upper fluid is more dense and the manner of decay in case the lower fluid is more dense are determined; and the results of the calculations are illustrated graphically. Gravity waves (obtained in the limit when the density of the upper fluid is zero) are also treated.

Item Type: | Article |
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Source: | Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press. |

ID Code: | 70558 |

Deposited On: | 17 Nov 2011 14:05 |

Last Modified: | 17 Nov 2011 14:05 |

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