Exposure of Indian children to hepatitis A virus & vaccination age

Chadha, M. S. ; Chitambar, S. D. ; Shaikh, N. J. ; Arankalle, V. A. (1999) Exposure of Indian children to hepatitis A virus & vaccination age Indian Journal of Medical Research, 109 . pp. 11-15. ISSN 0019-5340

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It is known that 90 per cent of children in India are exposed to hepatitis A virus (HAV) by the age of six years. The aim of the study was to determine when in early childhood maximum HAV infections take place and to deduce an appropriate age for vaccination against HAV. Blood samples of 499 children between the ages of three days and six years were collected and tested for the presence of antibodies against hepatitis A. A statistically significant negative correlation between IgG anti-HAV and age was observed (P < 0.01) up to 11.67 months when IgG anti-HAV positivity was found to be minimum (9.25%). Subsequently a significant positive correlation was noted (P < 0.01). Exposure to HAV was 28.9 per cent soon after the waning of maternal antibodies in the 13-15 month age group which increased to 52.5 per cent by two years of age and 90.9 per cent by 6 yr. It is concluded that in addition to other preventive measures, if children in India are to be vaccinated against hepatitis A they should be immunised against HAV by 9-10 months of age when the maternal antibodies disappear.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Council of Medical Research.
ID Code:59771
Deposited On:07 Sep 2011 14:34
Last Modified:07 Sep 2011 14:34

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