A semiclassical theory of quantum noise in open chaotic systems

Bag, Bidhan Chandra ; Chaudhuri, Shanta ; Chaudhuri, Jyotipratim Ray ; Ray, Deb Shankar (1999) A semiclassical theory of quantum noise in open chaotic systems Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 125 (1-2). pp. 47-64. ISSN 0167-2789

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01672...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2789(98)00236-X


We consider the quantum evolution of classically chaotic systems in contact with the surroundings. Based on h-scaling of an equation for time evolution of the Wigner's quasi-probability distribution function in presence of dissipation and thermal diffusion we derive a semiclassical equation for quantum fluctuations. This identifies an early regime of evolution dominated by fluctuations in the curvature of the potential due to classical chaos and dissipation. A stochastic treatment of this classical fluctuations leads us to a Fokker-Planck equation which is reminiscent of Kramers' equation for thermally activated processes. This reveals an interplay of three aspects of evolution of quantum noise in weakly dissipative open systems; the reversible Liouville flow, the irreversible chaotic diffusin which is characteristic of the system itself, and irreversible dissipation induced by the external reservoir. It has been demonstrated that in the dissipation-free case a competition between Liouville flow in the contracting direction of phase space and chaotic diffusion sets a critical width in the Wigner function for quantum fluctuations. We also show how the initial quantum noise gets amplified by classical chaos and ultimately equilibrated under the influence of dissipation. We establish that there exists a critical limit to the expansion of phase space. The limit is determined by chaotic diffusion and dissipation. Making use of appropriate quantum-classical correspondence we verify the semiclassical analysis by the fully quantum simulation in a chaotic quartic oscillator.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Classical Chaos; Dissipative Systems; Semiclassical Analysis; Quantum Fluctuations
ID Code:59052
Deposited On:03 Sep 2011 11:58
Last Modified:18 May 2016 09:45

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