Dynamic transitions and hysteresis

Chakrabarti, Bikas K. ; Acharyya, Muktish (1999) Dynamic transitions and hysteresis Reviews of Modern Physics, 71 (3). pp. 847-859. ISSN 0034-6861

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Official URL: http://rmp.aps.org/abstract/RMP/v71/i3/p847_1

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.71.847


When an interacting many-body system, such as a magnet, is driven in time by an external perturbation, such as a magnetic field, the system cannot respond instantaneously due to relaxational delay. The response of such a system under a time-dependent field leads to many novel physical phenomena with intriguing physics and important technological applications. For oscillating fields, one obtains hysteresis that would not occur under quasistatic conditions in the presence of thermal fluctuations. Under some extreme conditions of the driving field, one can also obtain a nonzero average value of the variable undergoing such "dynamic hysteresis." This nonzero value indicates a breaking of the symmetry of the hysteresis loop about the origin. Such a transition to the "spontaneously broken symmetric phase" occurs dynamically when the driving frequency of the field increases beyond its threshold value, which depends on the field amplitude and the temperature. Similar dynamic transitions also occur for pulsed and stochastically varying fields. We present an overview of the ongoing research in this not-so-old field of dynamic hysteresis and transitions.

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Deposited On:19 Oct 2010 10:58
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