Observation of multistate kinetics during the slow folding and unfolding of barstar

Bhuyan, Abani K. ; Udgaonkar, Jayant B. (1999) Observation of multistate kinetics during the slow folding and unfolding of barstar Biochemistry, 38 (28). pp. 9158-9168. ISSN 0006-2960

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bi990285w

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi990285w


The kinetics of the slow folding and unfolding reactions of barstar, a bacterial ribonuclease inhibitor protein, have been studied at 23(±1)°C, pH 8, by the use of tryptophan fluorescence, far-UV circular dichroism (CD), near-UV CD, and transient mixing 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic measurements in the 0-4 M range of guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) concentration. The denaturant dependences of the rates of folding and unfolding processes, and of the initial and final values of optical signals associated with these kinetic processes, have been determined for each of the four probes of measurement. Values determined for rates as well as amplitudes are shown to be very much probe dependent. Significant differences in the intensities and rates of appearance and disappearance of several resolved resonances in the real-time one-dimensional NMR spectra have been noted. The NMR spectra also show increasing dispersion of chemical shifts during the slow phase of refolding. The denaturant dependences of rates display characteristic folding chevrons with distinct rollovers under strongly native as well as strongly unfolding conditions. Analyses of the data and comparison of the results obtained with different probes of measurement appear to indicate the accumulation of a myriad of intermediates on parallel folding and unfolding pathways, and suggest the existence of an ensemble of transition states. The energetic stabilities of the intermediates estimated from kinetic data suggest that they are approximately half as stable as the fully folded protein. The slowness of the folding and unfolding processes (τ=10-333 s) and values of 20.5(±1.4) and 18(±0.5) kcal mol−1 for the activation energies of the slow refolding and unfolding reactions suggest that proline isomerization is involved in these reactions, and that the intermediates accumulate and are therefore detectable because the slow proline isomerization reaction serves as a kinetic trap during folding.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:54316
Deposited On:11 Aug 2011 12:13
Last Modified:11 Aug 2011 12:13

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