Structure-function analysis of tritrypticin, an antibacterial peptide of innate immune origin

Nagpal, Sushma ; Gupta, Vibha ; Kaur, Kanwal J. ; Salunke, Dinakar M. (1999) Structure-function analysis of tritrypticin, an antibacterial peptide of innate immune origin Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274 (33). pp. 23296-23304. ISSN 0021-9258

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The structural requirements for the antibacterial activity of a pseudosymmetric 13-residue peptide, tritrypticin, were analyzed by combining pattern recognition in protein structures, the structure-activity knowledge-base, and circular dichroism. The structure-activity analysis, based on various deletion analogs, led to the identification of two minimal functional peptides, which by themselves exhibit adequate antibacterial activity againstEscherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. The common features between these two peptides are that they both share an aromatic-proline-aromatic (ArProAr) sequence motif, and their sequences are retro with respect to one another. The pattern searches in protein structure data base using the ArProAr motif led to the identification of two distinct conformational clusters, namely polyproline type II and β -turn, which correspond to the observed solution structures of the two minimal functional analogs. The role of different residues in structure and function of tritrypticin was delineated by analyzing antibacterial activity and circular dichroism spectra of various designed analogs. Three main results arise from this study. First, the ArProAr sequence motif in proteins has definitive conformational features associated with it. Second, the two minimal bioactive domains of tritrypticin have entirely different structures while having equivalent activities. Third, tritrypticin has a β -turn conformation in solution, but the functionally relevant conformation of this gene-encoded peptide antibiotic may be an extended polyproline type II.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
ID Code:52452
Deposited On:04 Aug 2011 07:59
Last Modified:04 Aug 2011 07:59

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