Variation in the seed and oil yields and oil quality in the Indian germplasm of opium poppy Papaver somniferum

Bajpai, Suphla ; Prajapati, Seema ; Luthra, Rajesh ; Sharma, Srikant ; Naqvi, A. ; Sushil Kumar, (1999) Variation in the seed and oil yields and oil quality in the Indian germplasm of opium poppy Papaver somniferum Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 46 (5). pp. 435-439. ISSN 0925-9864

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The variation in the seed shape, colour and yield, and content, yield and fatty acid composition of seed oil of 109 accessions of opium poppy Papaver somniferum, (majority of them Indian land races), was investigated. The seeds were white, pale yellow or light brown in colour, reniform or round in shape and varied in size up to three fold. The oil content, seed and the oil yield varied between 26 to 52%, 1.0 to 7.4 g/plant and 0.4 to 2.7 g/plant, respectively. The % content of palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid in the seed oil ranged between 9.3 to 40.0%, 7.5 to 58.4% and 0.7 to 72.7%, respectively. On average basis, the levels of major fatty acids in the seed oil were: oleic (37.1%) > palmitic (27.3%) > linoleic acid (17.2%). The palmitoleic, stearic and linolenic acids were present in the oils of only some of the accessions. Two of the accessions yielded linoleic acid rich seed oil of about the same quality as soybean and maize oils, and in four accessions, the proportion of palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids was roughly equal. The palmitic acid was relatively less and linoleic acid more in the seed oil from accessions rich in oil content. The oil that contained higher amount of oleic acid also contained higher amount of palmitic acid and relatively lower amount of linoleic acid. The correlation analyses revealed a strong positive relationship between seed yield and oil yield (r=+0.81), oil yield and oil content (r=+0.54) and oleic acid and palmitic acid content in the seed oil (r=+0.49), and a weak positive relationship between oil content and linoleic acid content of oil (r=+0.24), and a negative correlation was observed between oil content and palmitic acid content (r=−0.32), palmitic acid and linoleic acid (r=−0.55) and oleic acid and linoleic acid contents of oil (r=−0.68). The observations have permitted selection of accessions that are high seed and oil yielding and/or rich in linoleic, palmitic and oleic acids or containing palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids in about equal amounts.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:Fatty Acid Composition; Indian Poppy Germplasm; Opium Poppy; Papaver Somniferum; Poppy Seed Oil
ID Code:52126
Deposited On:02 Aug 2011 07:48
Last Modified:02 Aug 2011 07:48

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