Calnexin from Pisum sativum: cloning of the cDNA and characterization of the encoded protein

Ehtesham, Nasreen Z. ; Phan, Tuan-Nghia ; Gaikwad, Amos ; Sopory, Sudhir K. ; Tuteja, Narendra (1999) Calnexin from Pisum sativum: cloning of the cDNA and characterization of the encoded protein DNA and Cell Biology, 18 (11). pp. 853-862. ISSN 1044-5498

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A full-length cDNA of 1951 bp encoding a calnexin (CNX) protein was cloned from a Pisum sativum expression library. The open reading frame (ORF) within this cDNA encodes a 551-amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 62.47 kDa that exhibits extensive homology with the CNX proteins from soybean (80%), Arabidopsis thaliana (70%), maize (70%), and dog (39%). The characteristic CNX signature motifs, KPEDWDE and GXW, generally found in molecular chaperones, are present in pea CNX (PsCNX), along with putative sites for Ca2+ binding and phosphorylation. In PsCNX, a signal sequence and a single transmembrane domain are also present at the N- and C-terminal ends, respectively. The PsCNX protein is expressed constitutively at the RNA level in vegetative and flowering tissues, as was evident from Northern analysis. Expression of PsCNX was light independent. In vitro translation of PsCNX cDNA yielded a 75-kDa precursor, which, in the presence of canine microsomal membranes, was cotranslationally processed into a 72.5-kDa product and was imported and localized to the endoplasmic reticulum. Trypsin treatment of the in vitro translated PsCNX in the presence of canine microsomes generated a further processed 67-kDa intraluminal form. The results with PsCNX also showed that the plant protein is a phosphoprotein containing phosphoserine residues, as evidenced by immunoprecipitation of PsCNX with anti-phosphoserine antibody. The PsCNX protein was also phosphorylated by endogenous kinases of pea microsomes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Mary Ann Liebert.
ID Code:49960
Deposited On:21 Jul 2011 09:29
Last Modified:14 Mar 2012 11:25

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