Temperature programmed decomposition of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate

Dash, S. ; Kamruddin, M. ; Bera, Santanu ; Ajikumar, P. K. ; Tyagi, A. K. ; Narasimhan, S. V. ; Baldev Raj, (1999) Temperature programmed decomposition of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate Journal of Nuclear Materials, 264 (3). pp. 271-282. ISSN 0022-3115

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3115(98)00495-4


Temperature programmed decomposition (TPD) of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate has been studied using evolved gas analysis mass spectrometry (EGA-MS) in the temperature range 300-1400 K. Thermogravimetric (TGA) investigations were performed in the temperature range 300-1100 K. An attempt has been made to resolve the complexity of decomposition behaviour through suitable comparison of TGA and EGA-MS data. Kinetic control regimes for various decomposition stages could be deduced from EGA-MS data. The corresponding activation energies and frequency factors were also evaluated. Kinetics based on random nucleation and diffusion was found to be rate controlling. The residue left over after each decomposition stage was analysed by XRD and XPS to determine structure and composition. The ultimate product was found to be a mixture of UO3H1.17 and U3O8: the former being a topotactic hydrogen spill over compound of UO3. Complete conversion of this residue to U3O8 was noticed during ion beam exposure of the residue which was performed in the course of XPS investigations.

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