The electrical polarity of molecules

Raman, C. V. ; Krishnan, K. S. (1926) The electrical polarity of molecules Nature, 118 (2965). p. 302. ISSN 0028-0836

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On attempting to correlate the electrical double-refraction (Kerr effect) of gases and vapours which has been measured by Leiser, Hansen and Szivessy, with the optical anisotropy of the molecules determined from observations on light-scattering, it is found that electrically polar molecules generally exhibit a Kerr effect which is very large in relation to their optical anisotropy. This indicates that the orientative action of the field on the molecule in such cases is chiefly due to the permanent electric doublet present in it, and is much larger than would be the case if the molecules were non-polar. In the case of molecules having an axis of optical symmetry to which the electric doublet is parallel, or is inclined at some known angle, it is possible to calculate the permanent electric moment from the value of the Kerr constant and the constant of depolarisation of the scattered light. Conversely, if the moment is known, the inclination of the electric doublet to the optic axis can be found. For example, in the case of the simple dipole molecule HCl, we may assume the optic axis to be parallel to the doublet.

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Deposited On:15 Dec 2010 12:01
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