Elastic constants of alkali halide crystals

Krishnan, K. S. ; Roy, S. K. (1951) Elastic constants of alkali halide crystals Nature, 168 (4281). pp. 869-870. ISSN 0028-0836

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v168/n4281/ab...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/168869a0


Adopting the simple Bom model for an alkali halide crystal, in which the ions are regarded as held in their respective positions by the electrostatic and the repulsion interactions between the ions, one may readily calculate the velocities of propagation ν of long acoustic waves of wave-length λ along the principal directions [100], [110] and [111], and hence along any direction, in the crystal: ν2 = ∑n(A1nΔ21n)/(m1 + m2) (1)where m 1 and m 2 are the masses of the two ions, 2πΔ1n/λ denotes the difference in phase of the acoustic wave at any two ions 1 and n, and σn denotes summation over all the ions, except 1, in the crystal. (If D is the distance up to which the electrostatic interactions remain significant, λ is regarded as sufficiently large in comparison with D that cos(2πD/λ) can be put equal to 1 - 1/2(2πD/λ2.) A 1n = (ψ'/R1n0) (1 - Q2) + ψ" Q2, (2) where ψ(R 1n) is the interaction energy between the two ions 1 and n, separated by a distance R 1n, and ψ' and ψ" are its differential coefficients with respect to R 1n at its equilibrium value R 1n 0. Q is the cosine of the angle between R 1n 0 and the direction of displacement of the ions under the acoustic wave. Since the values of ν2 for different directions of propagation and corresponding directions of displacement are also known in terms of the elastic constants c 11, c 12 and c 44, we obtain, by comparing them with the values obtained from (1), expressions for the elastic constants in terms of the interactions between the ions. We shall denote by ε11, ε12, ε44 the contributions to C 11, c 12, c 44 respectively from the electrostatic interactions, which are of long range, and by ρ11, ρ12, ρ44 the contributions from repulsion interactions, which are assumed to fall exponentially with the increase in the distance of separation of the interacting ions. In view of the short range of these repulsion interactions, we regard them as confined to the immediate neighbours only.

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