Krishna, M. M. G. ; Das, Ranjan ; Periasamy, N. ; Nityananda, Rajaram (2000) Translational diffusion of fluorescent probes on a sphere: monte carlo simulations, theory, and fluorescence anisotropy experiment Journal of Chemical Physics, 112 (19). pp. 85028514. ISSN 00219606

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Official URL: http://jcp.aip.org/resource/1/jcpsa6/v112/i19/p850...
Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.481453
Abstract
Translational diffusion of fluorescent molecules on curved surfaces (micelles, vesicles, and proteins) depolarizes the fluorescence. A Monte Carlo simulation method was developed to obtain the fluorescence anisotropy decays for the general case of molecular dipoles tilted at an angle a to the surface normal. The method is used to obtain fluorescence anisotropy decay due to diffusion of tilted dipoles on a spherical surface, which matched well with the exact solution for the sphere. The anisotropy decay is a single exponential for α = 0° , a double exponential for α = 90° , and three exponentials for intermediate angles. The slower decay component(s) for α ≠ 0 arise due to the geometric phase factor. Although the anisotropy decay equation contains three exponentials, there are only two parameters, namely a and the rate constant, D_{tr}/R^{2}, where D_{tr} is the translational diffusion coefficient and R is the radius of the sphere. It is therefore possible to determine the orientation angle and translational diffusion coefficient from the experimental fluorescence anisotropy data. This method was applied in interpreting the fluorescence anisotropy decay of Nile red in SDS micelles. It is necessary, however, to include two other independent mechanisms of fluorescence depolarization for molecules intercalated in micelles. These are the wobbling dynamics of the molecule about the molecular long axis, and the rotation of the spherical micelle as a whole. The fitting of the fluorescence anisotropy decay to the full equation gave the tilt angle of the molecular dipoles to be 1± 2° and the translational diffusion coefficient to be 1.3± 0.1×10^{10} m^{2}/s.
Item Type:  Article 

Source:  Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics. 
Keywords:  Fluorescence; Surface Diffusion; Digital Simulation; Monte Carlo Methods; Probes; Dyes 
ID Code:  26463 
Deposited On:  06 Dec 2010 12:30 
Last Modified:  17 May 2016 09:45 
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