Low-temperature heat-capacity studies of R2Ni3Si5 (R=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho)

Mazumdar, Chandan ; Ghosh, K. ; Nagarajan, R. ; Ramakrishnan, S. ; Padalia, B. D. ; Gupta, L. C. (1999) Low-temperature heat-capacity studies of R2Ni3Si5 (R=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) Physical Review B, 59 (6). pp. 4215-4220. ISSN 0163-1829

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Official URL: http://prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v59/i6/p4215_1

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.59.4215


We report here our low temperature (2-30K) heat capacity, Cp measurements of R2Ni3Si5 (R=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd-Ho). Large peaks in heat capacity data at magnetic transition temperatures (TN) confirm the bulk nature of magnetic order in these compounds. In Nd2Ni3Si5, Gd2Ni3Si5, and Dy2Ni3Si5, magnetization studies indicated only one magnetic transition, whereas, heat-capacity data show two transitions. TN of the heavier rare-earth member, Tb2Ni3Si5, showing significant deviation from de Gennes scaling is notable. Magnetic entropy,ΔS, estimated from heat-capacity data suggest that the magnetic ground state is a doublet in R2Ni3Si5 (R=Pr, Nd, Sm, Dy, Ho) and a quartet in Tb2Ni3Si5. In all the cases, ΔS, at TN is slightly less than that expected due to the suggested states, which we attribute to the occurrence of precursor effects of magnetic order above TN. Except for Gd2Ni3Si5, ΔS of the compounds does not reach the saturation limit of Rln(2J+1) even at 30 K, indicating the presence of crystalline electric field (CEF) effects. A hump in Cp is observed below TN in Gd2Ni3Si5 which is interpreted in terms of a possible amplitude-modulated magnetic spin structure.

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