Major factors in diarrhea related mortality among rural children

Bhan, M. K. ; Arora, Narendra K. ; Ramachandran, K. ; Khoshoo, V. ; Bhandari, Nita (1986) Major factors in diarrhea related mortality among rural children Indian Journal of Medical Research, 83 . pp. 9-12. ISSN 0971-5916

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During a period of 20 months, 1467 children suffered from 1663 diarrhoeal attacks In a rural community of Haryana. As many as 23 diarrhoea related deaths were recorded. Although diarrhoeal attacks/100 children were similar in different nutritional groups (P > 0.05), the case fatality rate (%) was higher in grade III (7.69; P < 0.001) as compared to normal (0.32) and grades I (0.49) and II (2.23) malnutrition. The mortality was higher in protracted diarrhoea (P < 0.001) than when the duration was < 2wk (0.7%). Twenty one (91.3%) of the 23 children who died, had sought treatment from a practising physician (6), hospital (6) or local dispensary. Oral rehydration therapy was used in 38.7 per cent of diarrhoeal episodes. Past malnutrition, protracted diarhoeal illness and non-use of ORT appear to be important associated factors in diarrhoeal mortality in a rural community.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Council of Medical Research.
ID Code:99965
Deposited On:28 Nov 2016 06:46
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