Quantification of diatoms in biofilms: standardisation of methods

Patil, Jagadish S. ; Anil, Arga Chandrashekar (2005) Quantification of diatoms in biofilms: standardisation of methods Biofouling, 21 (3-4). pp. 181-188. ISSN 0892-7014

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/089270...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927010500241726


Benthic diatoms, which often dominate marine biofilms are mostly pennate along with a few centric species that have an attached mode of life. Even though the range of diatoms in biofilms is diverse, their ecology is poorly understood because of the difficulty in sampling and enumeration. Scraping or brushing are the traditional methods used for removal of diatoms from biofilms developed on solid substrata. The method of removal is the most critical step in enumerating the biofilm diatom community structure. In this study, a nylon brush and ceramic scraper were used as tools for the removal of diatoms from 1 – 4-day-old biofilms developed on fibreglass coupons and glass microscope slides. Standardisation of methods showed that the sample volume used in the analyses had the least influence on the quantification, whereas the method of removal was critical. The nylon brush was more efficient at recovering diatoms compared to a ceramic scraper. Direct microscopic enumeration of the community in the case of glass slides indicated that scraping resulted in between 30–50% underestimation. Heterogeneity in diatom community structure between replicate samples is one possible reason for such underestimation.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor & Francis.
Keywords:Biofilm; Diatoms; Substratum; Fibreglass; Glass
ID Code:99944
Deposited On:27 Nov 2016 13:19
Last Modified:27 Nov 2016 13:19

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