Efficiency of copper and cupronickel substratum to resist development of diatom biofilms

Patil, Jagadish S. ; Anil, Arga Chandrashekar (2015) Efficiency of copper and cupronickel substratum to resist development of diatom biofilms International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 105 . pp. 203-214. ISSN 0964-8305

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.08.020


This study on the population dynamics of fouling diatoms from a biofouling rich monsoon influenced tropical bay revealed that irrespective of the season and exposure period, the highest diatom abundance and species were encountered on non-toxic (fiberglass > glass) compared to toxic (copper–Cu and cupro-nickel–Cu-Ni) substrata. Though the diatom recruitment on toxic substrata is noticed within 24 h, the multiplication of the settled diatoms was not significant, even with an increase in the exposure period (days to weeks). The diatoms recorded on toxic substrata are the result of fresh recruitment. Results indicated that the potential of Cu and Cu–Ni panels to resist diatom fouling are the same. The dominance of raphid-pennate diatoms (Navicula, Amphora, Nitzschia and Thalassionema) throughout the year indicated them as ideal candidates for antifouling studies. The negligible contribution of araphid-pennate diatoms (Licmophora and Grammatophora) and the influence of tycho-pelagic/bloom forming diatoms (Fragillariopsis and Skeletonema) on fouling community are the other noteworthy observations. Concern with the adverse impact of Cu pollution on the ecosystem this study recommends the incorporation of Cu alloy (Cu–Ni) in the marine structures to combat biofouling as Cu–Ni has a slower leaching rate of the toxic product such as Cu2O.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Biofilms; Diatoms; Copper; Cupro-nickel; Season; Exposure Period
ID Code:99297
Deposited On:26 Feb 2016 11:40
Last Modified:26 Feb 2016 11:40

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