Generalized space and frequency index modulation

Datta, Tanumay ; Eshwaraiah, Harsha ; Chockalingam, Ananthanarayanan (2015) Generalized space and frequency index modulation IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology . ISSN 0018-9545

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Unlike in conventional modulation where information bits are conveyed only through symbols from modulation alphabets defined in the complex plane (e.g., quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), phase shift keying (PSK)), in index modulation (IM), additional information bits are conveyed through indices of certain transmit entities that get involved in the transmission. Transmit antennas in multi-antenna systems and subcarriers in multi-carrier systems are examples of such transmit entities that can be used to convey additional information bits through indexing. In this paper, we introduce generalized space and frequency index modulation, where the indices of active transmit antennas and subcarriers convey information bits. We first introduce index modulation in the spatial domain, referred to as generalized spatial index modulation (GSIM). For GSIM, where bits are indexed only in the spatial domain, we derive the expression for achievable rate as well as easy-to-compute upper and lower bounds on this rate. We show that the achievable rate in GSIM can be more than that in spatial multiplexing, and analytically establish the condition under which this can happen. It is noted that GSIM achieves this higher rate using fewer transmit radio frequency (RF) chains compared to spatial multiplexing. We also propose a Gibbs sampling based detection algorithm for GSIM and show that GSIM can achieve better bit error rate (BER) performance than spatial multiplexing. For generalized space-frequency index modulation (GSFIM), where bits are encoded through indexing in both active antennas as well as subcarriers, we derive the achievable rate expression. Numerical results show that GSFIM can achieve higher rates compared to conventional MIMO-OFDM. Also, BER results show the potential for GSFIM performing better than MIMO-OFDM.

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Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 04:45
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