Artificial immune system for multi-objective design optimization of composite structures

Omkar, S. N. ; Khandelwal, Rahul ; Yathindra, Santhosh ; Naik, Narayana G. ; Gopalakrishnan, S. (2008) Artificial immune system for multi-objective design optimization of composite structures Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 21 (8). pp. 1416-1429. ISSN 0952-1976

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We present a new, generic method/model for multi-objective design optimization of laminated composite components using a novel multi-objective optimization algorithm developed on the basis of the artificial immune system (AIS) paradigm. A co-variant of the popular clonal selection principle called as the Objective Switching Clonal Selection Algorithm (OSCSA) has been developed and implemented successfully for the multi-objective design optimization of composites. The problem is formulated with multiple objectives of minimizing weight and the total cost of the composite component to achieve a specified strength. The primary optimization variables are—the number of layers, its stacking sequence (the orientation of the layers) and thickness of each layer. The classical lamination theory is utilized to determine the stresses in the component and the design is evaluated based on three failure criteria; failure-mechanism-based failure criteria, maximum stress failure criteria and the Tsai-Wu failure criteria. The optimization method is validated for a number of different loading configurations—uniaxial, biaxial and bending loads. The design optimization has been carried for both variable stacking sequences as well as fixed standard stacking schemes and a comparative study of the different design configurations evolved has been presented.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Natural Computing; Artificial Immune System; Composite; Structural Optimization; Multi-objective Optimization
ID Code:99106
Deposited On:22 Sep 2015 11:20
Last Modified:22 Sep 2015 11:20

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