Investigation of the effect of nonlocal scale on ultrasonic wave dispersion characteristics of a monolayer graphene

Narendar, S. ; Roy, Mahapatra D. ; Gopalakrishnan, S. (2010) Investigation of the effect of nonlocal scale on ultrasonic wave dispersion characteristics of a monolayer graphene Computational Materials Science, 49 (4). pp. 734-742. ISSN 0927-0256

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In this article, an ultrasonic wave propagation in graphene sheet is studied using nonlocal elasticity theory incorporating small scale effects. The graphene sheet is modeled as an isotropic plate of one-atom thick. For this model, the nonlocal governing differential equations of motion are derived from the minimization of the total potential energy of the entire system. An ultrasonic type of wave propagation model is also derived for the graphene sheet. The nonlocal scale parameter introduces certain band gap region in in-plane and flexural wave modes where no wave propagation occurs. This is manifested in the wavenumber plots as the region where the wavenumber tends to infinite or wave speed tends to zero. The frequency at which this phenomenon occurs is called the escape frequency. The explicit expressions for cut-off frequencies and escape frequencies are derived. The escape frequencies are mainly introduced because of the nonlocal elasticity. Obviously these frequencies are function of nonlocal scaling parameter. It has also been obtained that these frequencies are independent of y-directional wavenumber. It means that for any type of nanostructure, the escape frequencies are purely a function of nonlocal scaling parameter only. It is also independent of the geometry of the structure. It has been found that the cut-off frequencies are function of nonlocal scaling parameter (e0a) and the y-directional wavenumber (ky). For a given nanostructure, nonlocal small scale coefficient can be obtained by matching the results from molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and the nonlocal elasticity calculations. At that value of the nonlocal scale coefficient, the waves will propagate in the nanostructure at that cut-off frequency. In the present paper, different values of e0a are used. One can get the exact e0a for a given graphene sheet by matching the MD simulation results of graphene with the results presented in this paper.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Graphene; Nonlocal Elasticity; Wave Dispersion; Phase Speed; Wavenumber; Cut-off Frequency; Escape Frequency
ID Code:99081
Deposited On:03 Sep 2015 04:28
Last Modified:03 Sep 2015 04:28

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