Guided wave based detection of damage in honeycomb core sandwich structures

Chakraborty, N. ; Rathod, V. T. ; Roy, Mahapatra D. ; Gopalakrishnan, S. (2012) Guided wave based detection of damage in honeycomb core sandwich structures NDT & E International, 49 . pp. 27-33. ISSN 0963-8695

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We report on the Lamb wave type guided wave propagation in honeycomb core sandwich structures. An experimental study supported by theoretical evaluation of the guided wave characteristics is presented that proves the potential of Lamb wave type guided wave for detection of damage in sandwich structures. A sandwich panel is fabricated with planar dimension of 600 mm×600 mm, having a core thickness of 7 mm, cell size of 5 mm and 0.1 mm thick aluminum face sheets. Thin piezoelectric patch actuators and sensors are used to excite and sense a frequency band limited guided wave with a central frequency. A linear phased array of piezoelectric patch actuators is used to achieve higher signal strength and directivity. Group velocity dispersion curves and corresponding frequency response of sensed signal are obtained experimentally. Linearity between the excitation signal amplitude and the corresponding sensed signal amplitude is found for certain range of parameters. The nature of damping present in the sandwich panel is monitored by measuring the sensor signal amplitude at various different distances measured from the center of the linear phased array. Indentation and low velocity impact induced damages of increasing diameter covering several honeycomb cells are created. Crushing of honeycomb core with rupture of face sheet is observed while introducing the damage. The damages are then detected experimentally by pitch-catch interrogation with guided waves and wavelet transform of the sensed signal. Signal amplitudes are analyzed for various different sizes of damages to differentiate the damage size/severity. Monotonic changes in the sensor signal amplitude due to increase in the damage size has been established successfully. With this approach it is possible to locate and monitor the damages with the help of phased array and by tracking the wave packets scattered from the damages.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Guided Wave; Lamb Wave; Dispersion; Honeycomb; Sandwich; Damping; Damage; Phased Array
ID Code:99064
Deposited On:03 Sep 2015 05:35
Last Modified:03 Sep 2015 05:35

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