Role of actin dependent nuclear deformation in regulating early gene expression

Gupta, Soumya ; Marcel, Nimi ; Sarin, Apurva ; Shivashankar, G. V. (2012) Role of actin dependent nuclear deformation in regulating early gene expression PLoS One, 7 (12). e53031_1-e53031_9. ISSN 1932-6203

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The nucleus of a living cell is constantly undergoing changes in shape and size as a result of various mechanical forces in physiology. These changes correlate with alterations in gene expression, however it is unclear whether nuclear deformation alone is sufficient to elicit these alterations. We used T-cell activation as a model system to test the coupling between nuclear deformation (elongation) and gene expression. Naïve T-cell activation with surrogate antigens resulted in actin dependent nuclear elongation. This was accompanied with Erk and NF-κB signaling to the nucleus to induce CD69 expression. Importantly, inhibiting actin polymerization abolished both nuclear elongation and CD69 expression, while inhibiting Erk, NF-κB or microtubule depolymerization only abolished expression but not elongation. Immobilization of antigen-coated beads, under conditions where actin polymerization was inhibited, rescued both nuclear elongation and CD69 expression. In addition, fibroblast cells plated on fibronectin micropatterns of different sizes showed correlation between nuclear shape index and tenascin C expression. Upon inhibiting the signaling intermediate Erk, tenascin C expression was down regulated although the nuclear shape index remained unaltered. Our results highlight the importance of specific signaling intermediates accompanied with nuclear deformation in the modulation of cellular genomic programs.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Public Library of Science.
ID Code:97903
Deposited On:03 Jan 2014 12:20
Last Modified:19 May 2016 09:58

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