Performance of GCMs for seasonal prediction over India—a case study for 2009 monsoon

Acharya, Nachiketa ; Kar, Sarat C. ; Mohanty, U. C. ; Kulkarni, Makarand A. ; Dash, S. K. (2011) Performance of GCMs for seasonal prediction over India—a case study for 2009 monsoon Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 105 (3-4). pp. 505-520. ISSN 0177-798X

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The 2009 drought in India was one of the major droughts that the country faced in the last 100 years. This study describes the anomalous features of 2009 summer monsoon and examines real-time seasonal predictions made using six general circulation models (GCMs). El Niño conditions evolved in the Pacific Ocean, and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the Indian Ocean were warmer than normal during monsoon 2009. The observed circulation patterns indicate a weaker monsoon in that year over India with weaker than normal convection over the Bay of Bengal and Indian landmass. Skill of the GCMs during hindcast period shows that neither these models simulate the observed interannual variability nor their multi-model ensemble (MME) significantly improves the skill of monsoon rainfall predictions. Except for one model used in this study, the real-time predictions with longer lead (2- and 1-month lead) made for the 2009 monsoon season did not provide any indication of a highly anomalous monsoon. However, with less lead time (zero lead), most of the models as well as the MME had provided predictions of below normal rainfall for that monsoon season. This study indicates that the models could not predict the 2009 drought over India due to the use of less warm SST anomalies over the Pacific in the longer lead runs. Hence, it is proposed that the uncertainties in SST predictions (the lower boundary condition) have to be represented in the model predictions of summer monsoon rainfall over India.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
ID Code:97090
Deposited On:29 Jan 2013 10:33
Last Modified:29 Jan 2013 10:33

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