Markov chain model to study the occurrence of pre-monsoon thunderstorms over Bhubaneswar, India

Chattopadhyay, Surajit ; Acharya, Nachiketa ; Chattopadhyay, Goutami ; Kiran Prasad, Siripurapu ; Mohanty, Uma Charan (2012) Markov chain model to study the occurrence of pre-monsoon thunderstorms over Bhubaneswar, India Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 344 (10). pp. 473-482. ISSN 1631-0713

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The present work deals with pre-monsoon thunderstorms over Bhubaneswar belonging to the state of Orissa, India. A Markovian approach has been adopted to discern the probabilistic behavior of the time series of the occurrence and non-occurrence of this hazardous weather event by introducing a dichotomy within the time series. After a painstaking analysis through chi-square tests, we have identified serial independence in a few years and first-order two-state Markovian dependence in a few years (2000, 2001, 2004 and 2006). Finally, for the years of first-order two-state Markovian dependence, it has been observed that the probability of occurrence or non-occurrence of thunderstorm gets higher if the state of the previous day is similar to that of the current day. Furthermore, the probability of getting non-thunderstorm day followed by non-thunderstorm day is higher than the probability of getting thunderstorm day followed by thunderstorm day. It has been also observed that the unconditional climatological probability of the occurrence of severe pre-monsoon thunderstorm implied by the Markov chain is closely in agreement with the observed relative frequencies. However, it could be revealed that Markov chain cannot, in general, be suggested as a predictive tool for pre-monsoon thunderstorms under study without investigating the serial dependence inherent in the time series.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Thunderstorms; Markov Chain; Climatological Probability; India
ID Code:97063
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 11:40
Last Modified:22 Jan 2013 11:40

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