Three small nucleolar RNAs that are involved in ribosomal RNA precursor processing

Mishra, Rakesh K. ; Eliceiri, George L. (1997) Three small nucleolar RNAs that are involved in ribosomal RNA precursor processing Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 94 (10). pp. 4972-4977. ISSN 0027-8424

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Three small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), E1, E2 and E3, have been described that have unique sequences and interact directly with unique segments of pre-rRNA in vivo. In this report, injection of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides into Xenopus laevis oocytes was used to target the specific degradation of these snoRNAs. Specific disruptions of pre-rRNA processing were then observed, which were reversed by injection of the corresponding in vitro-synthesized snoRNA. Degradation of each of these three snoRNAs produced a unique rRNA maturation phenotype. E1 RNA depletion shut down 18 rRNA formation, without overaccumulation of 20S pre-rRNA. After E2 RNA degradation, production of 18S rRNA and 36S pre-rRNA stopped, and 38S pre-rRNA accumulated, without overaccumulation of 20S pre-rRNA. E3 RNA depletion induced the accumulation of 36S pre-rRNA. This suggests that each of these snoRNAs plays a different role in pre-rRNA processing and indicates that E1 and E2 RNAs are essential for 18S rRNA formation. The available data support the proposal that these snoRNAs are at least involved in pre-rRNA processing at the following pre-rRNA cleavage sites: E1 at the 5′ end and E2 at the 3′ end of 18S rRNA, and E3 at or near the 5′ end of 5.8S rRNA.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to National Academy of Sciences, USA.
ID Code:97037
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 09:46
Last Modified:22 Jan 2013 09:46

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