Alterations in the bioantioxidants following thrombosis

Kumari, Ranjana ; Seth, Panka ; Dikshit, Madhu ; Srimal, Rikhab Chand (1994) Alterations in the bioantioxidants following thrombosis Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 17 (5). pp. 481-484. ISSN 0891-5849

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The role of free radicals in rat thrombosis has been demonstrated by studying its scavenging enzyme system. Changes in the bio-antioxidants (GSH-redox cycle, total thiol groups, vitamins E and C) that also offer protection against the free radicals, have, however, not been studied so far. This investigation was undertaken to understand the involvement of these antioxidants during thrombosis. The tissues investigated following thrombosis were blood, platelets, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs), heart, and lung. Glutathione (GSH) content in the platelets was observed to be depleted. However, oxidized glutathione (GSSG) contents in the platelets, PMNLs, and blood remain unaltered. In addition, in the whole blood GSH levels were increased significantly, whereas there was no change in the GSSG level. Activity of glutathione reductase (GR) was decreased significantly in platelets and lungs with an increase in the total thiol groups in the lung homogenate. Activity of Glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) remained unaltered in all the tissues studied. In addition, 24% and 15% decrease in the α -tocopherol concentration was observed in thrombocytes and PMNLs, respectively, with no change in the ascorbate levels in these cells. Results of this investigation suggest alterations in the GSH-redox cycle in blood, platelets, and lung after thrombosis in the rat.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Society for Free Radical Biology and Medicine.
Keywords:Thrombosis; Vitamin E; Vitamin C; Glutathione and Metabolizing Enzymes; Platelet; Neutrophils; Free Radicals;
ID Code:9664
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 11:13
Last Modified:09 Feb 2011 08:15

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