Modulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes function by nitric oxide

Sethi, Sonia ; Dikshit, Madhu (2000) Modulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes function by nitric oxide Thrombosis Research: Vascular Obstruction, Hemorrhage and Hemostasis, 100 (3). pp. 223-247. ISSN 0049-3848

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Recognition of the endothelium-derived relaxation factor as nitric oxide (NO) gave rise to an impression that NO was synthesised only by the endothelial lining of the vessel wall. Later it was found that NO is synthesized constitutively by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in various cells. However, inflammatory cytokines can induce NOS (known as inducible NOS [iNOS]) activity in all the somatic cells. Blood cells, such as eosinophils, platelets, neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages, also synthesize NO. Among them, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) constitute an important proportion and are also the major participants in a number of pathological conditions with suggestive involvement of NO. PMNs can synthesize NO at rates similar to endothelial cells, thus suggesting the importance of PMN-derived NO in various physiological and pathological conditions. Most of the studies so far focus on the peripheral PMNs, while studies on PMNs after emigration are limited, thus warranting systematic studies on PMNs from both sources. The role of the endothelial NOS (eNOS) and functions of NO derived from the endothelial cells has been studied extensively. However, understanding of the PMNs NOS and its regulatory role in their function is unraveling. The present review summarizes the modulatory role of NO on PMNs functions and points out the discrepancies relating to presence of NOS in PMNs. This information will be helpful in understanding the importance of NO in physiological and pathological conditions associated with PMNs.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Nitric Oxide; Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes; NOS Inhibitors; Rolling; Adhesion; Chemotaxis; Degranulation; Free Radical Generation
ID Code:9617
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 11:45
Last Modified:09 Feb 2011 06:45

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