Defluoridation of drinking water and rainwater harvesting using a solar still

Anjaneyulu, L. ; Kumar, Arun E. ; Sankannavar, Ravi ; Rao, Kesava K. (2012) Defluoridation of drinking water and rainwater harvesting using a solar still Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 51 (23). pp. 8040-8048. ISSN 0888-5885

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When people drink water having a fluoride (F) concentration >1–1.5 mg/L for a long period of time, various ailments that are collectively referred to as fluorosis occur. Based on the design of Thomas (, an inclined basin-type solar still containing sand and water has been used at Bangalore for defluoridation. For water samples having a fluoride concentration in the range 5–20 mg/L, the fluoride concentration in the distillate was usually <1.5 mg/L. During the periods October 2006–May 2007 and October 2007–May 2008, the volume of distillate showed a significant diurnal variation, ranging from 0.3 to 4.0 L/m2·day. Based on the figures for 2006, the cost of the still was about Rs. 850 (US$16) for collector areas in the range 0.50–0.57 m2. The occurrence of F in the distillate merits further investigation. Overall, the still effectively removes F, but a large area of the collector, in the range 2.5–25 m2, is needed to produce about 10 L of distilled water for cooking and drinking. Rainwater falling on the upper surface of the still was collected, and its fluoride concentration was found to be below the desirable limit of 1 mg/L. Hence it can also be used for cooking and drinking.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:96037
Deposited On:04 Dec 2012 11:56
Last Modified:04 Dec 2012 11:56

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