Corrosion behavior of austenitic alloy 690 under anodic and cathodic potentials

Dutta, R. S. ; Dey, G. K. ; Lobo, A. ; Purandare, R. ; Kulkarni, S. K. (2002) Corrosion behavior of austenitic alloy 690 under anodic and cathodic potentials Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 33 (5). pp. 1437-1447. ISSN 1073-5623

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The corrosion behavior of austenitic alloy 690 in a solution-annealed condition has been evaluated with the application of anodic as well as cathodic potentials in an acidic chloride solution at room temperature (RT). In a 0.5M H2SO4 + 0.5M NaCl solution, the alloy displayed active-passive pitting behavior with the application of an anodic potential. Surface films, formed at the onset and later stage of the passive region, were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The XPS revealed that the surface film formed at the onset of passivity (+ 100 mV SCE) consisted of Cr(OH)3, without any Fe+3/Fe+2. The presence of nickel in the film was found in a transition state of Ni+2 and Ni0. The passive film formed at the higher anodic potential (+ 700 mV SCE) consisted of Cr2O3 without any Fe+3/Fe+2 or even Ni+2/Ni0. Microscopic studies of alloy 690 after anodic polarization in an acidic chloride solution revealed pitting, which was found to be initiated at large, faceted TiN-type inclusions. The susceptibility of the alloy to hydrogen embrittlement has been investigated by conducting cathodic charging of the tensile samples in a 0.5M H2SO4 solution at RT and by subsequent tensile testing of the charged samples in air at a strain rate of 1.3 × 10-4 s-1 up to fracture. An indication toward hydrogen-induced ductility loss was noticed for the samples of the alloy, which is believed to be attributable to a hydrogen-enhanced microvoid growth process. Since the microvoid growth process occurs at the last stage of fracture, the effect of hydrogen on the ductility of the alloy is little.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
ID Code:9601
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 11:48
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