tRNA genes in mycobacteria: organization and molecular cloning

Bhargava, S. ; Tyagi, A. K. ; Tyagi, J. S. (1990) tRNA genes in mycobacteria: organization and molecular cloning Journal of Bacteriology, 172 (6). pp. 2930-2934. ISSN 0021-9193

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DNAs from nine mycobacteria cleaved with restriction endonucleases were hybridized with cDNA probes synthesized to tRNAs from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis. The tRNA genes are conserved, but their gross genomic organization has diverged in six of the nine species examined. Organisms of the M. tuberculosis H37Ra and H37Rv-M. bovis BCG complex appeared to have identical tRNA gene organization and were indistinguishable from each other. M. tuberculosis and M. smegmatis tRNA-derived cDNA probes hybridized differentially to tRNA-coding DNA segments in five of the species examined, suggesting the existence of qualitatively different tRNA pools in these slow- and fast-growing species. Mycobacterial DNAs hybridized with cDNA synthesized to 23S plus 16S rRNAs from Escherichia coli, and the data suggested that the tRNA genes map close to the rRNA genes. A gene bank of M. tuberculosis H37Rv DNA was constructed, and a recombinant plasmid, pSB2, coding for tRNA(s) and rRNA(s) was partially characterized. Plasmid pSB2 recognized a SalI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in M. tuberculosis H37Rv and H37Ra; however, the RFLP is not linked to the tRNA-coding region. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an RFLP which distinguishes the pathogenic strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv from its avirulent derivative H37Ra.

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ID Code:95591
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