Ultrastructural immunogold localization of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in rat and human eosinophils

Saluja, Rohit ; Saini, Rashmi ; Mitra, Kalyan ; Bajpai, Virendra K. ; Dikshit, Madhu (2010) Ultrastructural immunogold localization of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in rat and human eosinophils Cell and Tissue Research, 340 (2). pp. 381-388. ISSN 0302-766X

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/r12807118u0830...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-010-0947-y


The involvement of nitric oxide (NO) as both pro and anti-inflammatory agent in allergic, airway inflammatory, and asthmatic diseases and the active participation of eosinophils in such ailments have been previously suggested. NO modulates eosinophil number, migration and their survival. The microenvironment of NO synthase (NOS) in subcellular organelles determines its rate and efficiency of catalysis, which in turn influences NO generation at distinct intracellular locales. The present study was undertaken to assess the intracellular distribution of NOS isoforms by transmission electron microscopy followed by morphometric analysis in human and rat eosinophils. Rat eosinophils were explored in parallel, and since they are widely used as model systems to mimic human diseases, a comparative study on NOS localization patterns might provide useful information in deciphering NO role in diverse aspects of eosinophil-related inflammatory ailments. The results demonstrated predominance of neuronal NOS (nNOS) in the eosinophilic granules and even distribution of inducible NOS (iNOS) and nNOS in the cytoplasm and nucleus of human eosinophils. In rat eosinophils, however, iNOS was mainly localized in the eosinophilic granules and nucleus, while nNOS was distributed evenly in cytoplasm and nucleus. Distribution of endothelial NOS (eNOS) in eosinophils was scanty. Differences in NOS isoforms and their localization in human and rat cells might have implications in differential mode of catalysis and functional contribution to eosinophil physiology and pathology, warranting detailed investigations. The present study highlights species-specific differences in the relative abundance and distribution pattern of NOS isoforms in rat and human eosinophils, which should be considered cautiously in interpreting the rat data to humans.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:Nitric Oxide Synthase; Eosinophil; Intracellular Localization; Immunogold Labeling; Morphometric Analysis; Rat (Sprague Dawley); Human
ID Code:9537
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 12:00
Last Modified:09 Feb 2011 04:07

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