Local time and longitude dependence of the equatorial electrojet magnetic effects

Doumouya, V. ; Cohen, Y. ; Arora, B. R. ; Yumoto, K. (2003) Local time and longitude dependence of the equatorial electrojet magnetic effects Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 65 (14-15). pp. 1265-1282. ISSN 1364-6826

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13646...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2003.08.014


An empirical model of the equatorial electrojet (EEJ), including local time and longitude dependence, has been constructed based on the surface magnetic data recorded at 26 stations located in six different longitude sectors that were set up or augmented during the international equatorial electrojet year (IEEY). The model reproduces the characteristic signatures of the EEJ-associated horizontal and vertical magnetic components at ground level. The model-predicted variations at the orbit of the POGS satellite are generally in good agreement with the onboard magnetic signatures, although strong discrepancies are also often seen. The nature of the differences suggests that the global scale magnetospheric or field-aligned current systems may sometimes dominate the satellite data. The nature of the longitudinal inequalities in the EEJ strength indicates that the equatorial electrojet is strongest in South America (80°-100°W) and weakest in the Indian sector (75°E) with a secondary minimum and a maximum centered, respectively, in the Atlantic Ocean (30°W) and in western Africa (10°E). The EEJ strength is shown to be inversely correlated with the main field intensity along the dip-equator.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Equatorial Electrojet; Magnetic Fields; POGS Satellite; Electrojet Models; Longitudinal Variations
ID Code:951
Deposited On:25 Sep 2010 04:30
Last Modified:11 May 2011 11:19

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