Thermodynamicactivities in the Pb(Zr1−XTiX)O3 solid solution at 1373 K

Jacob, K. T. ; Rannesh, L. (2007) Thermodynamicactivities in the Pb(Zr1−XTiX)O3 solid solution at 1373 K Materials Science and Engineering: B, 140 (1-2). pp. 53-58. ISSN 0921-5107

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Although Pb(Zr1−XTiX)O3 solid solution is the cornerstone of the piezoelectric ceramics, there is no information in the literature on thermodynamic activities of the component phases in the solid solution. Using inter-crystalline ion exchange equilibria between Pb(Zr1−XTiX)O3 solid solution with cubic perovskite structure and (Zr1−YTiY)O2 solid solutions with monoclinic and tetragonal structures, activities of PbTiO3 and PbZrO3 in the perovskite solid solution have been derived at 1373 K using the modified Gibbs–Duhem integration technique of Jacob and Jeffes. Tie-lines from the cubic solid solution are skewed towards the ZrO2 corner. Activities in the zirconia-rich (Zr1−YTiY)O2 solid solutions are taken from a recent emf study. The results for the perovskite solid solution at 1373 K can be represented by a sub-regular solution model: ΔGE,M(J mol-1 )=XPbTiO3XPbZrO3(15280XPbTiO3-1980XPbZrO3) where ΔGE,M is the excess Gibbs energy of mixing of the cubic solid solution and Xi represents the mole fraction of component i. There is a significant positive deviation from ideality for PbTiO3-rich compositions and mild negative deviation near the PbZrO3 corner. The cubic solid solution is intrinsically stable against composition fluctuations at temperatures down to 840 K. The results contrast sharply with the recent calorimetric data on enthalpy of mixing which signal instability of the cubic perovskite solid solution.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:PZT Solid Solution; Thermodynamics; Tie-Lines; Activities; Gibbs Energy; Phase Stability
ID Code:95046
Deposited On:09 Nov 2012 06:32
Last Modified:09 Nov 2012 06:32

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