Phase relations in the system Cu-Eu-O and thermodynamic properties of CuEu2O4 and CuEuO2

Jacob, K. T. ; Jayadevan, K. P. (2004) Phase relations in the system Cu-Eu-O and thermodynamic properties of CuEu2O4 and CuEuO2 Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion, 25 (2). pp. 125-133. ISSN 1547-7037

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Phase relations in the system Cu-Eu-O have been determined by equilibrating samples of different average composition at 1200 K and by phase analysis after quenching using optical microscopy (OM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX). The equilibration experiments were conducted in evacuated ampoules and under flowing inert gas and pure oxygen. The Cu-Eu alloys were found to be in equilibrium with EuO. The higher oxides of europium, Eu3O4 and Eu2O3, coexist with metallic copper. Two ternary oxides CuEu2O4 and CuEuO2 were found to be stable. The ternary oxide CuEuO2, with copper in the monovalent state, can coexist with Cu, Cu2O, Eu2O3 and CuEu2O4 in different phase fields. The compound CuEu2O4 can be in equilibrium with Cu2O, CuO, CuEuO2, Eu2O3, and O2 gas under different conditions at 1200 K. Thermodynamic properties of the ternary oxides were determined using three solid-state cells based on yttria-stabilized zirconia as the electrolyte in the temperature range from 875 to 1250 K. The cells essentially measure the oxygen chemical potential in the three-phase fields: Cu+Eu2O3+CuEuO2, Cu2O+CuEuO2+CuEu2O4, and Eu2O3+CuEuO2+CuEu2O4. The thermodynamic properties of the ternary oxides can be represented by the equations: 1/2Cu2O+1/2Eu2O3(C−rareearth)→CuEuO2 Δf,oxG∘/Jmol−1=−570−0.463T/K(±20) CuO+Eu2O3(C−rareearth)→CuEu2O4 Δf,oxG∘/Jmol−1=−3530−5.96T/K(±110) Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) studies in Ar+O2 mixtures confirmed the results from emf measurements. An oxygen potential diagram for the system Cu-Eu-O at 1200 K was evaluated from the results of this study and information available in the literature on the binary phases.

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Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 11:03
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