Antibody testing in Indian children with celiac disease

Yachha, Surender Kumar ; Aggarwal, Rakesh ; Srinivas, S. ; Srivastava, Anshu ; Somani, Sanjay K. ; Itha, Srivenu (2006) Antibody testing in Indian children with celiac disease Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, 25 (3). pp. 132-135. ISSN 0254-8860

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Background: We prospectively evaluated the usefulness of IgA tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA tTG) in the initial diagnosis of celiac disease (CD), and compared its diagnostic potential with that of IgA anti-endomysial antibodies (IgA EMA) and anti-IgA and IgG gliadin antibodies (AGA and AGG, respectively). Methods: Sera of 23 untreated children fulfilling the revised ESPGHAN criteria for diagnosis of CD (Group I; mean age 10.8 y); 19 disease controls (Group II; mean age 8.5 y) presenting with chronic diarrhea, short stature or both; and 22 healthy children (Group III; mean age 8.8 y) were studied. These were tested in a blinded manner for AGA, AGG, IgA tTG (guinea pig as antigen) and IgA EMA. Results: In Group I, IgA EMA was positive in 19, IgA tTG in 17, AGA in 14 and AGG in 17 patients. In Group II, these tests were positive in 1, 0, 2 and 14 patients, respectively, and in Group III, in 0, 0, 0 and 1 child, respectively. Analyzing data from Group I and II, IgA EMA, IgA tTG, AGA and AGG had sensitivity rates of 83%, 74%, 61% and 74%, respectively; the specificity rates were 95%, 100%, 89% and 26%; positive predictive values were 95%, 100%, 88% and 55% and negative predictive values were 82%, 74%, 65% and 45%, respectively. Conclusion: IgA tTG is useful for the diagnosis of CD, with sensitivity and specificity rates comparable to those of EMA, and this test is well suited for use in tropical countries like India.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Society of Gastroenterology.
ID Code:94881
Deposited On:01 Oct 2013 10:02
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