Characterization of alloy-spinel-corundum equilibrium in the system Fe-Ni-Al-O

Jacob, Thomas K. ; Pandit, Shashidhara S. (1988) Characterization of alloy-spinel-corundum equilibrium in the system Fe-Ni-Al-O Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, 28 (2). pp. 91-96. ISSN 1881-1183

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The three phase equilibrium between alloy, spinel solid solution and α-alumina in the Fe-Ni-Al-O system has been fully characterized at 1823K as a function of alloy composition using both experimental and computational methods. The oxygen potential was measured using a solid state cell incorporating yttria-doped thoria as the electrolyte and Cr+Cr2O3 as the reference electrode. Oxygen concentration of the alloy was determined by an inert gas fusion technique. The composition of the spinel solid solution, formed at the interface between the alloy and an alumina crucible, was determined by EPMA. The variation of the oxygen concentration and potential and composition of the spinel solid solution with mole fraction of nickel in the alloy have been computed using activities in binary Fe-Ni system, free energies of formation of end member spinels FeO•(1+x)Al2O3 and NiO•(1+x)Al2O3 and free energies of solution of oxygen in liquid iron and nickel, available in the literature. Activities in the spinel solid solution were computed using a cation distribution model. The variation of the activity coefficient of oxygen with alloy composition in Fe-Ni-O system was calculated using both the quasichemical model of Jacob and Alcock and the Wagner's model, with the correlation of Chiang and Chang. The computed results for the oxygen potential and the composition of the spinel solid solution are in good agreement with the measurements. The measured oxygen concentration lies between the values computed using models of Wagner and Jacob and Alcock. The results of the study indicate that the deoxidation hyper-surface in multicomponent systems can be computed with useful accuracy using data for end member systems and thermodynamic models.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Iron and Steel Institute of Japan.
Keywords:Thermodynamics; Spinel Deoxidation; Oxygen Potential; Oxygen Concentration; Composition of Spinel Solid Solution; Alloy-Spinel-Corundum Equilibrium; system Fe-Ni-Al-O
ID Code:94843
Deposited On:04 Oct 2012 11:15
Last Modified:04 Oct 2012 11:15

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