Emergence of quasiunits in the one-dimensional zhang model

Sadhu, Tridib ; Dhar, Deepak (2008) Emergence of quasiunits in the one-dimensional zhang model Physical Review E, 77 (3). 031122_1-031122_8. ISSN 1063-651X

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Official URL: http://pre.aps.org/abstract/PRE/v77/i3/e031122

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.77.031122


We study the Zhang model of sandpile on a one-dimensional chain of length L, where a random amount of energy is added at a randomly chosen site at each time step. We show that in spite of this randomness in the input energy, the probability distribution function of energy at a site in the steady state is sharply peaked, and the width of the peak decreases as L for large L. We discuss how the energy added at one time is distributed among different sites by topplings with time. We relate this distribution to the time-dependent probability distribution of the position of a marked grain in the one-dimensional Abelian model with discrete heights. We argue that in the large L limit, the variance of energy at site x has a scaling form L-1g(x/L), where g(ξ) varies as ln(1/ξ) for small ξ, which agrees very well with the results from numerical simulations.

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