Understanding the effects of geometry and rotation on pulsar intensity profiles

Thomas, R. M. C. ; Gupta, Y. ; Gangadhara, R. T. (2010) Understanding the effects of geometry and rotation on pulsar intensity profiles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 406 (2). pp. 1029-1048. ISSN 0035-8711

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16724.x


We have developed a method to compute the possible distribution of radio emission regions in a typical pulsar magnetosphere, taking into account the viewing geometry and rotational effects of the neutron star. Our method can estimate the emission altitude and the radius of curvature of particle trajectory as a function of rotation phase for a given inclination angle, impact angle, spin period, Lorentz factor, field line constant and the observation frequency. Further, using curvature radiation as the basic emission mechanism, we simulate the radio intensity profiles that would be observed from a given distribution of emission regions, for different values of radio frequency and Lorentz factor. We show clearly that rotation effects can introduce significant asymmetries into the observed radio profiles. We investigate the dependency of profile features on various pulsar parameters. We find that the radiation from a given ring of field lines can be seen over a large range of pulse longitudes, originating at different altitudes, with varying spectral intensity. Preferred heights of emission along discrete sets of field lines are required to reproduce realistic pulsar profiles, and we illustrate this for a known pulsar. Finally, we show how our model provides feasible explanations for the origin of core emission, and also for one-sided cones which have been observed in some pulsars.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords:Pulsars: General; Stars: Rotation
ID Code:92176
Deposited On:26 May 2012 14:02
Last Modified:26 May 2012 14:02

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