HLA antigens in South India: II. Selected caste groups of Tamil Nadu

Rajasekar, R. ; Kakkanaiah, V. N. ; Pitchappan, R. M. (1987) HLA antigens in South India: II. Selected caste groups of Tamil Nadu Tissue Antigens, 30 (3). pp. 113-118. ISSN 0001-2815

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1399-...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-0039.1987.tb01606.x


HLA-A, B antigen and haplotype frequencies were studied in four different caste groups of Tamil Nadu living in Madurai. A total number of 101 Nadars, 36 Kallars, 54 Iyers and 57 Telugu-speaking Naidus were studied. HLA A3 and B15 were significantly higher in Nadars; A10 & B8 in Kallars and Aw19, B12 & B35 in Iyers. HLA A-B haplotypes A10-B7, A28-B17 & A24-B- were characteristic of Nadars; A10-B8 & A1-B-, Kallars; Aw19-B12 & A1-B15, Iyers and A2-B-, Naidus. Negative linkage disequilibria for Aw19-B7, A28-B15 & A9-B51 were significant in Nadars; A1-B5, A1-B12 & Aw19-B- in Iyers and A2-B17 in Naidus. Heterogeneity chi-square based on antigen frequency and genetic distance also suggest the heterogeneous nature of the population of South India. Will these caste groups with such diverse haplotypic combinations differ from one another in their immune response and susceptibility to a given epidemic or infection?

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