Glucose induced fractal colony pattern of Bacillus thuringiensis

Roy, Manas K. ; Banerjee, Paromita ; Sengupta, Tapas K. ; Dattagupta, Sushanta (2010) Glucose induced fractal colony pattern of Bacillus thuringiensis Journal of Theoretical Biology, 265 (3). pp. 389-395. ISSN 0022-5193

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Growing colonies of bacteria on the surface of thin agar plates exhibit fractal patterns as a result of nonlinear response to environmental conditions, such as nutrients, solidity of the agar medium and temperature. Here, we examine the effect of glucose on pattern formation by growing colonies of Bacillus thuringiensis isolate KPWP1. We also present the theoretical modeling of the colony growth of KPWP1 and the associated spatio-temporal patterns. Our experimental results are in excellent agreement with simulations based on a reaction-diffusion model that describes diffusion-limited aggregation and branching, in which individual cells move actively in the periphery, but become immotile in the inner regions of the growing colony. We obtain the Hausdorff fractal dimension of the colony patterns: DH.Expt=1.1969 and DH, R.D.=1.1965, for experiment and reaction-diffusion model, respectively. Results of our experiments and modeling clearly show how glucose at higher concentration can prove to be inhibitory for motility of growing colonies of B. thuringiensis cells on semisolid support and be responsible for changes in the growth pattern.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Bacterial Growth; Sugar; Reaction Diffusion; Hausdorff Dimension
ID Code:9178
Deposited On:29 Oct 2010 11:26
Last Modified:08 Feb 2011 06:48

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