Gopal, E. S. R. ; Chandra Sekhar, P. ; Ananthakrishna, G. ; Ramachandra, R. ; Subramanyam, S. V.
(1976)
*Two phase asymmetry in the phase diagram of critical binary liquid systems: carbon disulphide+ nitromethane and cyclohexane+ acetic anhydride*
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 350
(1660).
pp. 91-106.
ISSN 0080-4630

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/350...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1976.0097

## Abstract

The coexistence curves of two binary liquid systems, carbon disulphide+nitromethane and cyclohexane+acetic anhydride, are examined over a temperature range $10^{-6}<-\epsilon $ = $(T_{\text{c}}-T)/T_{\text{c}}<10^{-1}$. The critical index $\beta $ for the two systems are 0.316 and 0.362, which agree with other experiments. The diameters of the coexistence curves for both systems show significant deviations near $T_{\text{c}}$ from the rectilinear diameter law. For $t=T_{\text{c}}-T>10$ K, rectilinear behaviour is shown. For $t<10\text{K}$, the deviation $\Delta x$ from the straight line is described by $\Delta x=Ft^{f}$ exp $(-Gt^{h})$, with $f\approx $ 0.9, showing that the derivative $\partial (\Delta x)/\partial t)$ diverges weakly like the heat capacity as $t\rightarrow $ 0. This is in striking agreement with recent theoretical models. A three-variable scaling theory is formulated to describe the critical behaviour of binary liquid systems. In addition to giving the usual scaling-law equalities, the theory shows that the heat capacity, the compressibility and the thermal expansion of binary liquid systems have the same $\alpha $-divergence at $T_{\text{c}}$. The theory is also capable of accommodating the diameter singularity, in which form it shows that, close to $T_{\text{c}},\Delta x$ behaves as $t^{-\alpha}$ and that the difference between the fluctuations, in composition, in two phases diverges as $t^{\beta -1}$.

Item Type: | Article |
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ID Code: | 91321 |

Deposited On: | 23 Jun 2012 13:56 |

Last Modified: | 06 Jul 2012 05:00 |

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