Dissipative quantum systems and the heat capacity

Dattagupta, S. ; Kumar, Jishad ; Sinha, S. ; Sreeram, P. A. (2010) Dissipative quantum systems and the heat capacity Physical Review E, 81 (3). 031136_1-031136_12. ISSN 1063-651X

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Official URL: http://pre.aps.org/abstract/PRE/v81/i3/e031136

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.81.031136


We present a detailed study of the quantum dissipative dynamics of a charged particle in a magnetic field. Our focus of attention is the effect of dissipation on the low- and high-temperature behaviors of the specific heat at constant volume. After providing a brief overview of two distinct approaches to the statistical mechanics of dissipative quantum systems, viz., the ensemble approach of Gibbs and the quantum Brownian motion approach due to Einstein, we present exact analyses of the specific heat. While the low-temperature expressions for the specific heat, based on the two approaches, are in conformity with power-law temperature dependence, predicted by the third law of thermodynamics, and the high-temperature expressions are in agreement with the classical equipartition theorem, there are surprising differences between the dependencies of the specific heat on different parameters in the theory, when calculations are done from these two distinct methods. In particular, we find puzzling influences of boundary confinement and the bath-induced spectral cutoff frequency. Further, when it comes to the issue of approach to equilibrium, based on the Einstein method, the way the asymptotic limit (t → ∞) is taken seems to assume significance.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
ID Code:9120
Deposited On:29 Oct 2010 11:34
Last Modified:28 May 2011 11:04

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