Study of cavity size and nature of bridging units on recognition of nucleotides by cyclophanes

Neelakandan, Prakash P. ; Nandajan, Paramjyothi C. ; Subymol, Baby ; Ramaiah, Danaboyina (2011) Study of cavity size and nature of bridging units on recognition of nucleotides by cyclophanes Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 9 (4). pp. 1021-1029. ISSN 1477-0520

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


We synthesized a few novel cyclophanes CP-1 to CP-4 containing anthracene units linked together through different bridging and spacer groups and have investigated their interactions with various nucleosides and nucleotides. Of these systems, CP-1 and CP-3 showed selectivity for 5'-GTP and 5'-ATP as compared to other nucleotides and nucleosides, whereas negligible selectivity was observed with CP-2 and CP-4. Interestingly, CP-1, CP-2 and CP-3 exhibited significant binding interactions with the fluorescent indicator, 8-hydroxy-1,3,6-pyrene trisulfonate (HPTS), resulting in the formation of non-fluorescent complexes. Titration of these complexes with nucleosides and nucleotides resulted in the displacement of HPTS, leading to the revival of its fluorescence intensity. It was observed that 5'-GTP induced the maximum displacement of HPTS from the complex [CP-1.HPTS] with an overall fluorescence enhancement of ca. 150-fold, while 5'-ATP induced ca. 45-fold. Although the displacement of HPTS from the complexes [CP-2.HPTS] and [CP-3.HPTS] was found to be similar to that of [CP-1.HPTS], these complexes showed lesser selectivity and sensitivity. In contrast, negligible displacement of HPTS was observed from the complex [CP-4.HPTS] under similar conditions. These results indicate that CP-1, having a well-defined cavity and good electron acceptor (viologen), is capable of forming selective and stable complexes. Though CP-2 and CP-3 retain the good electron acceptor (viologen), their reduced aromatic surface and larger cavity, respectively, resulted in lesser sensitivity. In contrast, CP-4 having a large cavity and a poor acceptor (1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethene) showed negligible selectivity, thereby indicating the importance of cavity size, bridging unit and aromatic surface on biomolecular recognition properties of cyclophanes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
ID Code:90874
Deposited On:14 May 2012 14:01
Last Modified:14 May 2012 14:01

Repository Staff Only: item control page