Squaraine PDT induces oxidative stress in skin tumor of swiss albino mice

Cibin, T. R. ; Gayathri, Devi D. ; Ramaiah, D. ; Abraham, Annie (2010) Squaraine PDT induces oxidative stress in skin tumor of swiss albino mice Proceedings of SPIE, 7576 . 75761_1-75761_12. ISSN 0277-786X

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.842288


Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) using a sensitizing drug is recognized as a promising medical technique for cancer treatment. It is a two step process that requires the administration of a photosensitizer followed by light exposure to treat a disease. Following light exposure the photosensitizer is excited to a higher energy state which generates free radicals and singlet oxygen. The present study was carried out to assess the oxidative damage induced by bis (3, 5-diiodo-2, 4, 6- trihydroxyphenyl) squaraine in skin tumor tissues of mice with/ without light treatment. Skin tumor was induced using 7, 12-Dimethyl Benz(a)anthracene and croton oil. The tumor bearing mice were given an intraperitoneal injection with the squaraine dye. After 24h, the tumor area of a few animals injected with the dye, were exposed to visible light from a 1000 W halogen lamp and others kept away from light. All the mice were sacrificed one week after the PDT treatment and the oxidative profile was analyzed (TBARS, SOD, catalase, GSH, GPx and GR) in tumor/ skin tissues. The dye induces oxidative stress in the tumor site only on illumination and the oxidative status of the tumor tissue was found to be unaltered in the absence of light. The results of the study clearly shows that the tumor destruction mediated by PDT using bis (3, 5-diiodo-2, 4, 6-trihydroxyphenyl) squaraine as a photosensitizer is due to the generation of reactive oxygen species, produced by the light induced changes in the dye.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The International Society for Optical Engineering.
ID Code:90871
Deposited On:14 May 2012 14:00
Last Modified:18 Jun 2012 10:16

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