Structural flexibility of multifunctional HABP1 may be important for regulating its binding to different ligands

Jha, Babal Kant ; Salunke, Dinakar M. ; Datta, Kasturi (2003) Structural flexibility of multifunctional HABP1 may be important for regulating its binding to different ligands The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278 . pp. 27464-27472. ISSN 0021-9258

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Hyaluronan-binding protein 1 (HABP1)/p32/gC1qR was characterized as a highly acidic and oligomeric protein, which binds to different ligands like hyaluronan, C1q, and mannosylated albumin. It exists as trimer in high ionic and reducing conditions as shown by crystal structure. In the present study, we have examined the structural changes of HABP1 under a wide range of ionic environments. HABP1 exhibits structural plasticity, which is influenced by the ionic environment under in vitro conditions near physiological pH. At low ionic strength HABP1 exists in a highly expanded and loosely held trimeric structure, similar to that of the molten globule-like state, whereas the presence of salt stabilizes the trimeric structure in a more compact fashion. It is likely that the combination of the high net charge asymmetrically distributed along the faces of the molecule and the relatively low intrinsic hydrophobicity of HABP1 result in its expanded structure at neutral pH. Thus, the addition of counter ions in the molecular environment minimizes the intramolecular electrostatic repulsion in HABP1 leading to its stable and compact conformations, which reflect in its differential binding toward different ligands. Whereas the binding of HABP1 toward HA is enhanced on increasing the ionic strength, no significant effect was observed with the two other ligands, C1q and mannosylated albumin. Thus, although HA interacts only with compact HABP1, C1q and mannosylated albumin can bind to loosely held oligomeric HABP1 as well. In other words, structural changes in HABP1 mediated by changes in the ionic environment are responsible for recognizing different ligands.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
ID Code:9085
Deposited On:29 Oct 2010 11:58
Last Modified:16 May 2016 18:56

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