Localized basis for effective lattice Hamiltonians: lattice Wannier functions

Rabe, K. M. ; Waghmare, U. V. (1995) Localized basis for effective lattice Hamiltonians: lattice Wannier functions Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 52 (18). pp. 13236-13246. ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v52/i18/p13236_1

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.52.13236


A systematic method is presented for constructing effective Hamiltonians for general phonon-related structural transitions. The key feature is the application of group-theoretical methods to identify the subspace in which the effective Hamiltonian acts and construct for it localized basis vectors, which are the analogue of electronic Wannier functions. The results of the symmetry analysis for the perovskite, rocksalt, fluorite, and A15 structures and the forms of effective Hamiltonians for the ferroelectric transition in PbTiO3 and BaTiO3, the oxygen-octahedron rotation transition in SrTiO3, the Jahn-Teller instability in La1-x(Ca,Sr,Ba)xMnO3 and the antiferroelectric transition in PbZrO3 are discussed. For the oxygen-octahedron rotation transition in SrTiO3, this method provides an alternative to the rotational variable approach which is well behaved throughout the Brillouin zone. The parameters appearing in the Wannier basis vectors and in the effective Hamiltonian, given by the corresponding invariant energy expansion, can be obtained for individual materials using first-principles density-functional-theory total energy and linear response techniques, or any technique that can reliably calculate force constants and distortion energies. A practical approach to the determination of these parameters is presented and the application to ferroelectric PbTiO3 discussed.

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ID Code:89917
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