Becker, Ralph S. ; Chakravorti, Sankar ; Das, Suresh (1990) The photosensitizers benzophenoxazine and thiazines: comprehensive investigation of photophysical and photochemical properties Photochemistry and Photobiology, 51 (5). pp. 533-538. ISSN 0031-8655
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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1751-...
Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1990.tb01962.x
Eight differently substituted title dye compounds have been investigated regarding intersystem crossing, triplet state, fluorescence and singlet excited state pKa properties. In general, non-halogenated oxazines and thiazines as well as a mono bromooxazine show very low triplet quantum yields, φT (lT 0.03) and relatively long triplet lifetimes (-40 μs) in acidic methanol. The φT data correlate well with known singlet oxygen yields. In basic methanol no triplet transient is observed but a significant yield of a ground state transient protonated (base dye) form is produced with a short lifetime, -400 ns. Fluorescence can be seen simultaneously from both the excited base and the protonated base dye forms in basic methanol. For iodinated oxazine or thiazines, the triplet yield increases and can be as high as 0.5 (diiodo case) in acidic methanol. The triplet lifetimes are further shortened to −10 µs compared to the non-iodinated derivatives above. The triplet yields of the iodo compounds are higher or equal to known singlet oxygen yields. In basic methanol triplet yields up to 0.2 can be seen, the triplet lifetime are shortened still further to 1 μs but no observable protonated form is produced (in distinction to the non-iodinated cases). Consideration is given to the correlation of triplet and singlet oxygen yields, ground and excited pKa properties, spin-orbit coupling and internal conversion properties, solvent effects, and phototherapeutic activity of these dyes.
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