Programmed cell death and its clinical implications

Katoch, Bandhana ; Sebastian, Sonia ; Sahdev, Sudhir ; Padh, Harish ; Hasnain, Seyed E. ; Begum, Rasheedunnisa (2002) Programmed cell death and its clinical implications Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 40 . pp. 513-524. ISSN 0019-5189

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Cell death is a highly regulated process that is ubiquitous in all eukaryotes. Programmed cell death (PCD) is an integral part of both animal and plant development. Studies on apoptosis, the well characterized form of programmed cell death led to the identification of a central tripartite death switch i.e. apoptosome consisting of Apaf-1, Apaf-2 and Apaf-3. The caspases, a family of cysteine-dependent aspartate directed-proteases, constitute the central executioners of apoptosis. Much of the attention on programmed cell death is focused on caspases, however, cell death can still occur even when the caspase cascade is blocked, revealing the existence of nonapoptotic alternative pathway(s) of cell death. The mitochondrial release of cytochrome C following a PCD inducing stimulus in both plants and animals suggests the evolutionary conservation of death pathways. Dysregulation of apoptosis may be related to the development of several disease states as well as ageing. Excessive apoptosis is associated with neurodegenerative disorders, AIDS etc., whereas deficient apoptosis is associated with cancer, auto-immunity, viral infections etc. Understanding the regulation of programmed cell death would throw light in designing drugs and gene therapies that can target specific molecules in the apoptotic pathway opening the vistas for new therapeutic endeavors in many areas of medicine.

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ID Code:88598
Deposited On:29 Mar 2012 09:37
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