High-potential isomeric ruthenium(III) complexes of 2-(phenylazo)pyridine

Lahiri, Goutam Kumar ; Bhattacharya, Samaresh ; Goswami, Sreebrata ; Chakravorty, Animesh (1990) High-potential isomeric ruthenium(III) complexes of 2-(phenylazo)pyridine Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions (2). pp. 561-565. ISSN 1472-7773

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Official URL: http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/1990...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/DT9900000561


Three geometrical isomers, (5)-(7), of [RuL2Cl2] ClO4H2 O [L = 2-(phenylazo)pyridine] have been isolated via stereoretentive oxidation of the corresponding ruthenium (II) isomers with concentrated nitric acid. The low-spin (t25, S=½) complexes display rhombic e.s.r. spectra in frozen solution (77 K). The axial (Δ) and rhombic (V) distortion parameters (in the order Δ , V) are (in cm-1): 5 230, -3 520 (5); -5 150, 3 970 (6); and -4 900, 4 610 (7). The sign changes correspond to energy inversion of split t2 components. The magnitude of V increases with decreasing symmetry as expected, (5) < (6) < (7). Two predicted optical transitions within the Kramers doublets are experimentally observed or indicated in the near-i.r. region [(5), 7 000, < 4 500; (6), 6 900, 5 000; and (7), 6 900, 5 100 cm-1]. The [RuL2Cl2]+-[RuL2Cl2] couple is reversible in acetonitrile and has E298° values 0.92, 1.07, and 1.16 V vs. s.c.e. in the cases of (5), (6), and (7) respectively. These potentials correlate linearly with the energy of the highest t2 component. The complexes bring about the oxidative coupling of N,N-dimethylaniline, the oxidation of tris(1, 2-naphthoquinone 1-oximato) nickel (II) to the corresponding nickel(II) complex, and the oxidation of free 1, 2-naphthoquinone 1 -oxime (Hnqo) to the corresponding iminoxy radical. In the cyclic voltammetric oxidation of [RuL2Cl2] in the presence of Hnqo the observed current is in excess of the sum of currents due to the components taken separately. This has been analysed in terms of an electrocatalytic model. The excess current as well as the turnover number vary linearly with the ratio of the concentration of Hnqo to that of [RuL2Cl2].

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